Last time, I shared my own techniques on how I remember things easily and how I memorize stuff quickly. But did you know that there is actually a list that will help you on this matter. It’s called the mnemonics. My Psychology professor taught us that. I’m glad I still remember and I’m glad that I still have the book that served as her reference, which is Psychology by Saundra K. Ciccarelli and J. Noland White. It’s the book above. So basically, the mnemonics that will be discussed here came from this. I find it really helpful so I’m sure this will also save your life.
Everyone needs a little memory help now and then. Even memory experts use strategies to help them perform their unusual feats of remembering. These strategies may be unique to that individual, but there are many memory tricks that are quite simple and available for anyone to learn and use. A memory trick or strategy to help people remember is called a mnemonic from the Greek word for memory. Here are the popular mnemonics, some of which may sound familiar.
– Ciccarelli & White (2012)
Link all the items you have to remember into a story. If you’re trying to remember a list of the planets in the solar system, you can do it like this. Mercury was the messenger of God, who carries lots of love notes notes to Venus, the beautiful Goddess who sprung from the Earth’s sea. She was married to Mars, her brother, which didn’t please her father Jupiter or his father, Saturn, and his uncle Uranus complained to the sea God, Neptune. That sounds like a lot, but once linked in this way, the names of the planets are easy to recall in proper order.
The Peg-word Method
In this method, it is necessary to first memorize a series of peg words, which are numbered words that can be used as keys for remembering items, and make them into an image. A typical series of peg word is in the photo above. So if the items to be remembered are cheese, milk, eggs, bread and sugar, the series of images might be a bun with a big wedge of cheese in it, a shoe with milk pouring out of it, a tree with eggs hanging from it, a door made of a slice of bread and a hive with little bags of sugar flying around it instead of bees. The images are bizarre and that actually cement the memory.
The Method of Loci
This method, often credited to the ancient Romans and sometimes called the Roman Room Method, was actually invented by the Greeks and used when memorizing speech. In this method, a person pictures a very familiar room or series of rooms in a house or other building. Each point of the speech is then made into an image and placed mentally in the room at certain locations. For example, if the first point was about military spending, the image might be a soldier standing in the doorway of the house throwing money out into the street. Each point would have its place and all the person would need to do to retrieve the memories would be to take a mental walk around the house.
Verbal or Rhythmic Organization
How do you spell relief? When spelling a word with an ie or ei in it, you resort to the old rhyme “I before E except after C, or when sounded as A like neighbor.” You have made use of a verbal or rhythmic organization mnemonic. “Thirty days hath September, April, June and November…” is another example of this technique. Setting information into a rhyme aids memory because it uses verbal cues, rhyming words and the rhythm of the poem itself to aid retrieval. Sometimes, this method is accomplished through making a sentence by using the first letter of each word to be remembered and making them into words or sentence. The colors of the rainbow are ROY G. BIV. There are countless examples of this technique.
Some people have had success with making up little songs, using familiar tunes, to remember specific information. The alphabet song is the best example of this. I mentioned this one as one of my techniques last time, right?
© Ciccarelli & White (2012)