Volleyball Official Hand Signals

Volleyball Official Hand Signals

A while ago, we were watching the replay of Southeast Asian (SEA) Games women’s volleyball tournament, which is a match between the Philippines and Vietnam, on TV. Sadly, our country was defeated in straight sets, 25-16, 25-21, 25-23. This made me think of this sport to be discussed here in my blog. Since I already shared the way of communication through hand signals in Basketball, Football and Badminton, the Pinays’ most favorited sport in our country should also be tackled, right? Thank God, my mother was a player of this sport then so she added ideas on my little volleyball knowledge.


Begin Service

begin service

In every land of the volleyball, you will see the referee fold his stretched right fist to his front. The official indicates that the server may now serve.



time out

Okay. We already know what timeout is so I don’t have to explain it. In Volleyball, each team gets two 60 second time outs per game. You will see the referee act like this.




One point is awarded to a team who was able to land the ball on the opposite court. One finger raised on the side of the court means a point to the said team.


Ball in Bounds

ball in bounds

The referee is the only one who can tell whether the ball is inside or outside, not the viewers and not the players. The official will signal to the spot where the ball hits in bounds


Ball Out of Bounds

out of bounds

When the ball is out of bounds, outside the antenna or player illegally in adjacent in court, the referee will move his both hands upward.


Double Hit

double hit

A player may not contact the ball two times consecutively. When a ball is contacted more than once by a player, the referee will raise his two fingers just like what I did in the photo.


Four Contacts

four contacts

If a team contacts the volleyball more than three without returning the ball to the opposing team, a “four contacts” fault occurs. The referee will raise his four fingers just like what I did in the photo.


End of Game

end of game

From a cross arms, the referee will move his both arms outward. This signifies that the match has ended.

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